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Growing cauliflower can be challenging for new gardeners. But if you are up for the challenge it can be very rewarding to grow cauliflower in your vegetable garden. Cauliflower doesn’t just come in the normal white variety you see in the grocery stores. In fact it can come in several colors including orange, yellow, and purple. In this post we go over the different types of cauliflower you can grow in your vegetable garden.
Cauliflower Temperature Requirements
Cauliflower requires cooler temperatures (around 60 degrees Fahrenheit). And it is not a vegetable that will tolerate hot or too cold of temperatures.
If your cauliflower doesn’t have the right temperatures as it grows it will form small button size heads instead of a single large cauliflower head.
Cauliflower Soil and Water Requirements
You want to make sure that you have well drained soil.
It is also a good idea to make sure you have some compost added to your soil. This will add high quality nutrients to your soil for the cauliflower to use.
Watering cauliflower in the garden needs to be regularly done, so you can keep the soil moist. Usually the plant needs about 2 inches of water per week.
Also adding mulch, about 3 inches over your soil is a good idea when growing cauliflower, this will help retain moisture in the soil.
Cauliflower Sun Requirements
You want to plant cauliflower seedlings or start your cauliflower seeds in an area that gets at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.
Blanching Your Cauliflower
Cauliflower usually requires a process called blanching in order to prevent the head from turning green.
In order to blanch your cauliflower you tie the leaves around the cauliflower head.
Some of the different types of cauliflower listed below don’t require blanching. So make sure to read the seed packet or seedling care to see if you will need to follow a blanching process for your cauliflower when you grow it in your garden.
Different Types of Cauliflower You Can Grow
Veronica Romanesco Cauliflower
Romanesco Cauliflower is also called Broccoflower.
This type of cauliflower is a green variety with spiky looking florets that give it a very unique appearance. It also has a better resistance to fungal disease and heat than other types of cauliflower.
White Cauliflower You Can Grow
Snowball Cauliflower takes about 65 days to mature and be ready to harvest.
This type of cauliflower is great for areas with shorter growing seasons.
And snowball cauliflower is a self blanching cauliflower, so no blanching process is required for this type of cauliflower.
Self Blanche Cauliflower
As the name suggests, this type of white cauliflower is self blanching.
It is also a shorter season cauliflower, only needing around 52 days until harvesting.
Purple Cauliflower You Can Grow
Depurple Hybrid Cauliflower
Depurple Hybrid is a newer purple cauliflower breed that has a butter sweet flavor with a hit of nutty flavor.
It has purple florets with white stems.
Depurple cauliflower does take about 80 to 100 days to mature.
Graffiti Hybrid Purple Cauliflower
Graffiti Hybrid purple cauliflower will be about 6 to 8 inches in diameter when it grows to full maturity and is ready for harvest.
And this type of cauliflower doesn’t need to be blanched to keep it’s color or to be protected from the sun.
Orange and Yellow Cauliflower You Can Grow
Flame Star Hybrid Cauliflower
Flame Star Hybrid Cauliflower has a buttery and nutty flavor and a lovely color that will delight.
The heads of Flame Stary Hybrid Cauliflower grow to about 7 inches when they are ready for you to harvest.
This type of cauliflower is a bit more tolerant of the heat than other types of cauliflower.
Cheddar Hybrid Cauliflower
While Cheddar Hybrid Cauliflower might sound like it should be part cheese, it isn’t. This type of cauliflower gets it’s name from it’s color.
This yellow/orange cauliflower will also retain it’s vibrant color after it’s been cooked. So feel free to use it to liven up food trays and dishes.
Fioretto cauliflower is a very unique cauliflower with small florets that sprout on long and thin stems.
This type of cauliflower has a nutty flavor and is sweeter in taste than traditional large headed cauliflowers.